Jeremy Bentham was born in Houndsditch, London on 15 February Death was never far away and on 6 January , when Jeremy was ten years old, he lost his mother. Graduation was conditional upon the graduand swearing to the statements of faith and discipline contained in the Thirty-nine Articles of the Church of England. Bentham could not bring himself to accept them. He realized, however, that not to swear, and thereby to disqualify himself from receiving his degree, would destroy his relationship with his father, who expected him to pursue a brilliant legal career, and even rise to the office of Lord Chancellor at the pinnacle of the profession. In the event, he swore, but it was a decision he always regretted, as he made clear over 50 years later: "by the view I found myself forced to take of the whole business, such an impression was made, as will never depart from me but with life.
Jeremy Bentham Quotes - BrainyQuote
Jeremy Bentham Quotes
Jeremy Bentham , born February 15, , London , England—died June 6, , London , English philosopher, economist, and theoretical jurist, the earliest and chief expounder of utilitarianism. At the age of four, Bentham, the son of an attorney, is said to have read eagerly and to have begun the study of Latin. At Westminster School he won a reputation for writing Greek and Latin verse. In December he managed to hear Sir William Blackstone lecture at Oxford but said that he immediately detected fallacies that underlay the grandiloquent language of the future judge.
Utilitarianism At the outset of the nineteenth century, an influential group of British thinkers developed a set of basic principles for addressing social problems. Extrapolating from Hume 's emphasis on the natural human interest in utility, reformer Jeremy Bentham proposed a straightforward quantification of morality by reference to utilitarian outcomes. His An Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation offers a simple statement of the application of this ethical doctrine. Bentham's moral theory was founded on the assumption that it is the consequences of human actions that count in evaluating their merit and that the kind of consequence that matters for human happiness is just the achievement of pleasure and avoidance of pain. He argued that the hedonistic value of any human action is easily calculated by considering how intensely its pleasure is felt, how long that pleasure lasts, how certainly and how quickly it follows upon the performance of the action, and how likely it is to produce collateral benefits and avoid collateral harms.